Wrinkles and enlarged pores are a common concern as people age. There are many different reasons why skin wrinkling and large pores happen. While genetics plays a factor in both issues, environmental factors and skin care habits also play roles. There are a variety of wrinkle treatments and pore minimizing treatments available. The type of treatment will depend on the patient’s age, skin type, severity, and lifestyle.
Common Causes of Wrinkles
Wrinkling of the skin occurs when the skin loses its elasticity and there is loss/descent of the tissues of the face. One of the primary causes is the deterioration of collagen and elastin, which are basic structural proteins found just about everywhere within the human body. Loss of theses proteins with descent of tissue makes the skin more fragile and prone to sagging, wrinkling, and furrowing. While genetics and the aging process contribute significantly to wrinkling of the skin, other issues play a role in causing these effects.
Exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) light is a major contributor to skin wrinkling. UV light comes from the sun and is unable to be seen by the naked eye. Overexposure to UV light hastens the breaking down of collagen. Other reasons for sagging and fine lines include smoking, consistent dehydration, squinting and smiling.
There are many different kinds of wrinkle treatments available, both prescription and non-prescription. Wrinkle creams, sunscreens, and moisturizers are popular over-the-counter treatments. Topical retinoids containing Vitamin A as a key ingredient may also prevent and reduce wrinkles. However, for more significant wrinkling, there are several medical procedures that can be done at our dermatologist’s office. These treatments include:
- laser treatments
- chemical peels
- dermal fillers
- skin tightening
Common Causes of Enlarged Pores
Enlarged pores are a common problem that does not discriminate across ages, ethnicities, and genders. While genetics play a huge role, other factors like oiliness of the skin, sun exposure, aging, and loss of elasticity can make pores appear enlarged.
How to Shrink Pore Size
- chemical peels
- laser, light, and radiofrequency therapy
- Prescription-strength topicals